What is Information Privacy?
Information Privacy refers to the right of an individual or data subject to determine with whom their personal information is shared, under what circumstances and to know of and exercise control over the use and disclosure of, and access to, that information.
In addition to it being our legal right, privacy is an ethical and personal value that has different interpretations for each individual based on our age, gender and societal norms. In other words, what’s private to one person may not be to another person. While one person may share personal details of his or her health history in 5 minutes, another may not wish to disclose anything.
What is Confidentiality?
Confidentiality refers to the responsibility or obligation of an individual or organization to ensure that personal and confidential information is kept secure and is collected, accessed, used and disclosed appropriately.
It is a human process involving sharing of private information and the appropriate management of that which is entrusted to us.
What is Information Security?
Information Security refers to the three principles that Island Health, as data custodians, apply to the information in our custody & control whether in hard copy or electronic format: confidentiality, integrity - ensuring the information is correct, and availability of the information.
Computer Security is based on three concepts: identification (who are you?), authentication (prove it!), and authorization (we know who you are, what privileges do you have?).
Does Island Health have a policy about privacy and confidentiality?
Yes, Island Health is legally responsible to protect the privacy of personal information under our custody and control. We have several policies that provide a framework for the consistent management of personal and confidential business information collected, used, disclosed and protected by the Island Health in accordance with the principles and requirements of various legislative Acts, including but not limited to the Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act (FIPPA), professional bylaws, privacy codes and standards of practice.
Key information management policies include:
- 16.6.2 Confidential Information Management Code of Practice
- 1.5.1 Confidential Information – Privacy Rights of Personal Information
- 1.5.2 Confidential Information – Third Party, VIHA Business and other Non-Personal Information
Why does Island Health collect personal information about me?
We collect your personal information to assist us in providing you with care and services. We also require your information to determine your eligibility for various benefits and services.
Under FIPPA, Island Health is obligated to notify you about the reasons for the collection and use of your personal information. Island Health meets this requirement through its Notification Sign (see above link) posted at all facilities detailing the authority under which we can collect information. Upon admission, it is important to ensure you review the sign and have the opportunity to ask questions about our management of your personal information.
Is my personal information kept private in Island Health?
We take the privacy of your personal information very seriously and have employed measures to ensure your personal information is treated in a confidential manner according to FIPPA.
Our Notification Sign (see above link) about the collection, use and disclosure of your personal information highlight the reasons under which we may share your information.
What education is provided at Island Health to ensure employees understand how they should be handling personal and confidential information?
Island Health offers a variety of education to employees regarding handling personal and confidential information, which includes mandatory privacy education upon hire through New Employee Orientation training, targeted educational initiatives such as the annual Privacy and Security Awareness Week, in-service education and training, and specialized educational tools based on role and specific privacy-related topics.
What is consent?
Consent means voluntary agreement by a person in the possession and exercise of sufficient mental capacity to make an intelligent choice to do something proposed by another; it supposes a physical power to act, a moral power of acting and a serious, determined and free use of these powers [Black’s].
For example, consent is given when a mentally sound individual chooses to allow another individual to receive information and/or records pertaining to them and understands the implications of that decision.
For more information about consent as it relates to information sharing, contact the Information Stewardship, Access and Privacy Office. For more information about consent in general, contact the Risk Management Office.
What is authorization?
Authorization is the act of officially approving or sanctioning an individual(s) to complete an act on behalf of an individual or agency. For example, a lawyer may provide written authorization from a client to act on his/her behalf or a client may provide a family member with the authority to act on his/her behalf should the client become mentally incapable of making decisions.
Authorization can also be in the form of a statutory authority, outlined in legislation, of an outside agency (e.g., MCFD, Police, WCB, Coroner) to access and obtain information about a specific individual. Typical forms of legal authorization to act on behalf of another individual include: Committee of Person; Committee of Estate; Will and/or a Representation Agreement.
I think that my health record or personal information wasn’t kept private while I was receiving care or services from Island Health. What can I do?
Please contact the Information Stewardship, Access and Privacy Office to discuss your concerns.
Electronic Health Records
What is the electronic health record?
An electronic health record is a computerized version of the paper health record that is used to document your care over time in the same way as the paper record.
A major advantage of an electronic health record is that it allows authorized health care providers to access necessary information about you in a timely fashion to support safe and effective health care.
Island Health currently uses both paper and electronic mediums to document your personal health information.
How does Island Health ensure that patient, client, and resident information contained in electronic or paper records is kept confidential?
Strict physical and electronic security protections are in place to ensure only those individuals with the proper authority are accessing your record. Our staff are trained in confidentiality and security procedures during their orientation to Island Health and have ongoing educational opportunities in confidentiality, privacy and security responsibilities.
All staff members are required to sign a confidentiality acknowledgement form and adhere to Island Health confidentiality policies. As well, random audits are done to ensure ongoing appropriate access to patient, resident and client health records.