Many people carry Clostridium difficile without having any symptoms. However, those with C.difficile illness may experience abdominal pain and tenderness, fever, loss of appetite, nausea and diarrhea in varying degrees of severity.
C.difficile produces spores that can be spread in the environment in large numbers when a person has diarrhea. These spores can survive for a long time in the environment and can be transported on the hands of people who have direct contact with infected people or with contaminated surfaces.
Norovirus is a common virus that is passed from person to person and causes diarrhea, nausea and vomiting in the community and in hospitals. Most infections and outbreaks are seen during winter months and they can spread very quickly.
Norovirus affects people of all ages and since it is easily spread in areas where there are large numbers of people together for several days, hospitals are ideal environments for the virus.
The following PDF documents are informational tools for the treatment and management of GI Norovirus.
NORO-LIKE ILLNESS ALGORITHMS
GI-1 Suspected Noro-Like Illness (NLI) All Health Facilities
GI-2 Gastroenteritis or Noro-Like Illness (NLI) Enhanced Measures Island Health
GI-3 Gastroenteritis or Noro-Like Illness (NLI) Outbreak in Island Health
GI-4: GI-NLI Outbreak Staff Reporting Process and Return to Work Restrictions
Influenza and Influenza-like Illness Toolkit
Influenza, while often confused with other influenza-like illnesses (ILI), especially the common cold, is a more severe disease caused by a different type of virus.
The most common symptoms of influenza and ILI are chills, fever, sore throat, muscle pains, severe headache, coughing, weakness/fatigue and general discomfort.
The following PDF documents are informational tools for use during an outbreak of Influenza or Influenza-like Illness.
Influenza Information Sheet for Patients and Visitors
Did you know...Influenza
Recommendations for Booking Entertainment in Residential Care
Influenza Vaccination & Prophylaxis Tracking Sheet
VRI Patient Tracking List (PDF document)
VRI Patient Tracking List (fillable Word doc)
Viral Respiratory Illness (VRI) Algorithms
Documents for LTC Affiliates and Private Facilities
Staphylococcus aureus are bacteria that commonly live in the nose, on skin and in moist areas of the body. However, Staphylococcus aureus can cause infections such as boils and abscesses. In the hospital it can cause serious infections in the blood, lungs or other areas for a person who is already ill or has had surgery.
The following PDF documents are informational tools for the management of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus.
Multiple antibiotic-resistant gram-negative bacilli are becoming increasingly common due both to selective antibiotic pressure as well as the movement of persons who have had medical care in other countries with endemic resistance patterns.
The following PDF documents are informational tools for the management of Carbapenemase Producing Organisms (CPO)